At A Glance

Noteworthy Characteristics

  • Data are released in a series of related data sets that include statistics on core business, industry, geographic area, and zip codes.
  • Data are used by government agencies, businesses, entrepreneurs, researchers and others for numerous purposes, including developing public policy, locating business markets, evaluating industry growth, assisting local businesses, and research.
  • Includes all employer establishments in covered industries in the US.
  • Provides contextual information on economic conditions that may be useful in studying childhood obesity.

Website

http://www.census.gov/econ/

Purpose

To provide a detailed portrait of the United States (US) economy, from the national to the local level.

Target Population

Business establishments in the US.

Conducted

Began as integrated survey in the 1950s. Conducted every 5 years since 1967. Most recent year conducted was 2007. Census for 2012 is currently underway.

Sponsor

Census Bureau, US Department of Commerce

Sampling

Sample Design

The Economic Census is a census, not a survey.

Sample Size

Census of 5.7 million employer establishments.

Special Note(s)

Learn more about the Economic Census sampling and methods.

Key Variables

Geocode/Linkage

Name
US Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan and micropolitan areas, zip codes.

Other

Name
Expenses, by category
Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) codes
Industry classification code
Inventories
Number of paid employees
Products and services by type

Data Access and Cost

Data Availability

Obtain entire files from most programs.

Cost

Downloads from American FactFinder are available free of charge. The Census Bureau can do special tabulations for a fee. Learn more.

Special Note(s)

Researchers who have an approved project can access micro data sets at Census Research Centers under strict confidentiality rules. Learn more..

Initial data for the 2012 Economic Census will be published in December 2013.

Geocode/Linkage

Geocode Variable(s)

Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan and micropolitan areas, and zip codes. Also Puerto Rico and Island Areas commercial regions.

Existing Linkages

None noted.

Special Note(s)

For the 2007 Economic Census, a cutoff of 5,000 or more population or jobs was used to identify the economic places valid for publication. For the 2012 Economic Census, these cutoffs have been reduced to 2,500, resulting in nearly 5,000 new places to be published in the Census. The 2012 Economic Census will also reflect any boundary and/or title changes for counties, economic places, and other geographic areas.

Selected Publications

Diet-Related

Lewis LVB, Sloane DC, Mascimento LM, Diamant AL, Guinyard JJ, Tancey AK, Flynn F. African Americans’ access to healthy food options in south Los Angeles restaurants. American Journal of Public Health 2005;95(4):668-673.

Weight-Related

Mehta NK, Chang VW. Weight status and restaurant availability: A multilevel analysis. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2008;34(2):127-133.