Johnson RK, Driscoll P, Goran MI. Comparison of multiple-pass 24-hour recall estimates of energy intake with total energy expenditure determined by the doubly labeled water method in young children. J Am Diet Assoc 1996 Nov;96(11):1140-4.
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the accuracy of the multiple-pass 24-hour recall method for estimating energy intake in young children by comparing it with measurements of total energy expenditure made using the doubly labeled water method. DESIGN: Three multiple-pass 24-hour recalls were obtained over a 14-day period to estimate mean energy intake. Total energy expenditure was measured over the same 14-day period under free-living conditions using the doubly labeled water technique. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Twenty-four children between the ages of 4 and 7 years were tested at the General Clinical Research Center/Sims Obesity Nutrition Research Center at the University of Vermont. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: t Tests, paired t tests, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients, pairwise comparison to show relative bias and limits of agreement, and regression analysis were used to test the relationships among study variables. RESULTS: No difference was found between 3-day mean energy intake and total energy expenditure for the group (t = 2.07, P = .65). The correlation between individual measures of energy intake and total energy expenditure was not statistically significant (r = .25, P = .24). CONCLUSIONS: Data from 3 days of multiple-pass 24-hour recalls were sufficient to make valid group estimates of energy intake. The method was not precise for individual measurements of energy intake.
The full text is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(96)00293-3
At A Glance
Individual Dietary Behavior Variables
|Total Energy/Energy Density|
Individual Dietary Behavior
24-hour dietary recall
Number of Items
Metro/Urban, Small Town/Rural
Burlington, VT, USA
The subjects were recruited from Burlington, VT, and the surrounding rural areas.
Information about Development of Measure
Nothing to add
2 - 5 Years
6 - 11 Years
Health Outcomes Assessed
BMI Measured or Self-reported
Data Reported on Race/Ethnicity
Quantitative data on study sample
Data Reported on SES
How To Use
Yes, time not reported
Instructions on Use
Data Collection/Analysis Costs
Three recalls per child were completed on nonconsecutive days within the 14-day measurement period. Interviews were performed with the child's mother (occasionally the father would contribute) in conjunction with the child.
Instructions on Data Analysis
|Type of validity||Construct/subscale assessed||Criterion measure used||Test/statistic used||Result|
|Criterion||Three 24-hour dietary recalls- Mean Energy Intake||Total Energy Expenditure (TEE) using doubly labeled water||Paired t test||t=2.07, p=0.65|
|Criterion||Three 24-hour dietary recalls-Total energy intake||Total Energy Expenditure (TEE) using doubly labeled water||Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient||r=0.25, p = 0.24|
There are no reliability tests reported for this measure.