Baranowski T, Sprague D, Baranowski JH, Harrison JA. Accuracy of maternal dietary recall for preschool children. J Am Diet Assoc 1991 Jun;91(6):669-74.
We assessed the effects of socioeconomic status and amount of time mother and child were together during the day on the accuracy of the mother's 24-hour recall report of her 3- or 4-year-old child's dietary intake. Accuracy of the mother's report was compared for nutrients and foods with dietary intake recorded by an observer. Neither socioeconomic status nor amount of time mother and child were together were related to any of the nutrient indicators of accuracy. Although socioeconomic status and amount of time mother and child were together were not related to the indicators of food accuracy, only 64.8% agreement was obtained between mothers and observers on foods consumed. Mothers were more likely to underreport (17.7%) than overreport (10.4%) foods. The low mean difference scores for nutrient indicators supported the use of the 24-hour recall method when collecting group data. The substantial disagreement on foods, however, suggests that previous studies assessing agreement on nutrients have overestimated the accuracy of the 24-hour recall method.
At A Glance
Individual Dietary Behavior Variables
|Total Energy/Energy Density|
|Macronutrients, including Saturated Fat|
Individual Dietary Behavior
24-hour dietary recall
Number of Items
Information about Development of Measure
Nothing to add
2 - 5 Years
Health Outcomes Assessed
BMI Measured or Self-reported
Sociodemographic characteristics (socioeconomic status, race)
Data Reported on Race/Ethnicity
Quantitative data on study sample
Data Reported on SES
How To Use
Yes, time not reported
Instructions on Use
Data Collection/Analysis Costs
The mothers of children were participating in the Texas SCAN site were recruited to participate in a 24-hour recall of their child's dietary intake the day after a day of observation.
Instructions on Data Analysis
|Type of validity||Construct/subscale assessed||Criterion measure used||Test/statistic used||Result|
|Criterion||Mother's recall- not-at-home||Observation||Kcal mean +/- SD||Total energy: 36, +/- 337 (kcal)|
|Criterion||Mother's 24-hr Recall||Observation||Percent Underreporting (mean +/- SD)||All Mothers:18%, +/- 15; At-home Mothers:19%, +/-13 Not-at-home; Mothers:16%, +/-17|
|Criterion||Mother's recall- at-home||Observation||Kcal mean +/- SD||Total energy: 131, +/- 511 (kcal)|
|Criterion||Mother's 24-hr Recall||Observation||Percent Overreporting (mean +/- SD)||All Mothers:10%, +/- 12; At-home Mothers:9%, +/- 11; Not-at-home Mothers:12%, +/- 13|
|Criterion||Mother's recall- all mothers||Observation||Kcal mean +/- SD||Total energy: 85, +/- 435 (kcal)|
|Criterion||Mother's 24-hr Recall||Observation||Percent Precise Agreement (mean +/- SD)||All Mothers: 65%, +/- 17; At-home Mothers: 67%, +/- 14; Not-at-home Mothers: 62%, +/- 21|
|Criterion||Mother's 24-hr Recall||Observation||Partial Agreement (mean +/- SD)||All Mothers:7%, +/- 11; At-home Mothers: 5%, +/-5; Not-at-home Mothers:10%, +/-15|
There are no reliability tests reported for this measure.