Aerenhouts D, Zinzen E, Clarys P. Energy expenditure and habitual physical activities in adolescent sprint athletes. J SPORT SCI MED 2011;10:362-68.
This study aimed to assess total energy expenditure (TEE)and specific habitual physical activities in adolescent sprint athletes. Two methods used to estimate TEE, an activity diary (AD) and SenseWear armband (SWA), were compared. Sixteen athletes (6 girls, 10 boys, mean age 16.5 ± 1.6 yr) simultaneously wore a SWA and completed an AD and food diary during one week. Basal energy expenditure as given by the SWA when taken off was corrected for the appropriate MET value using the AD. TEE as estimated by the AD and SWA was comparable (3196 ± 590 kcal and 3012 ± 518 kcal, p = 0.113) without day-to-day variations in TEE and energy expended in activities of high intensity. Daily energy intake(2569 ± 508 kcal) did not match TEE according to both the AD and SWA (respectively p < 0.001 and p = 0.007). Athletes were in a supine position for a longer time on weekend days than on week days and slept longer on Sundays. Athletes reported a longer time of high-intensive physical activities in the AD than registered by the SWA on 4 out of 7 days. In addition to specific sprint activitieson 3 to 7 days per week, 11 out of 16 athletes actively commuted to school where they participated in sports once or twice per week. The AD and the SWA are comparable in the estimation of TEE, which appears realistic and sustainable. The SWA offers an appropriate and objective method in the assessment of TEE, sleeping and resting in adolescent athletes on the condition that detailed information is given for the times the armband is not worn. The AD offers activity specific information but relies on the motivation, compliance and subjectivity of the individual, especially considering high-intensive intermittent training.
At A Glance
Individual Physical Activity Behavior Variables
Individual Physical Activity Behavior
Electronic monitor (e.g., accelerometer, pedometer, heart rate)
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Number of Items
Information about Development of Measure
Nothing to add
12 - 18 Years
Health Outcomes Assessed
BMI Measured or Self-reported
Data Reported on Race/Ethnicity
Data Reported on SES
How To Use
Instructions on Use
Instructions on instrument use included in article
Data Collection/Analysis Costs
The SenseWear Pro3 Armband (SWA) was worn on the back of the right upper arm for 7 consecutive days. Athletes were instructed to take off the armband only when showering,bathing, swimming, or in case of hinder (i.e. during competition or social events). Activities done when the SWA was not worn were described in detail by the participants in a 7 day activity diary.
Instructions on Data Analysis
Instructions on analysis included in article
There are no validity tests reported for this measure.
There are no reliability tests reported for this measure.