At A Glance
- Can be used to estimate Americans' dietary intakes of the 37 components of the USDA Food Patterns, assess dietary patterns and adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and other dietary recommendations and estimate the cost of foods and diets.
- Translates the amounts of foods, in their as-consumed form, into guidance-based food groups (i.e., equivalents of USDA food pattern groups such as dark-green vegetables, whole grains, and added sugars).
- Although FPED was designed to reflect the USDA food patterns, the food groups are generic enough that it can be used to characterize diets according to a number of food guidance systems.
- Allows reported intakes to be compared directly with food group intake recommendations.
- Can be used to calculate diet quality, such as Healthy Eating Index scores.
- Can be applied in nutrition monitoring and surveillance, epidemiological studies, risk analysis, and policy analysis.
- Can be used in any study which uses USDA’s FNDDS to code intake.
To convert foods and beverages in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS) to 37 USDA Food Patterns (FP) components. FPED can be used to analyze dietary data from What We Eat In America (WWEIA), the dietary intake portion of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and characterize many different kinds of food and beverages reported in surveys and other types of studies into components that are relevant to dietary analysis and guidance.
Foods in the FNDDS.
FPED is updated for each 2-year release of FNDDS.
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
An earlier version of FPED was known as the MyPyramid Equivalents Database (MPED). MPED version 2.0 can be applied to NHANES data from WWEIA 2003-2004. Version 1.0 can be applied to earlier surveys such as WWEIA, NHANES 2001-2002, NHANES 1999-2000 and the USDA’s Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 1994-1996 and 1998.
Database includes all foods in the corresponding FNDDS.
All 8,000+ food codes in the corresponding FNDDS.
As of 2013, two products are provided with the FPED release: the Food Patterns Equivalents Ingredient Database (FPID), which includes each unique ingredient used in FNDDS converted to the 37 FP components, and listings of gram weights for one cup-equivalents of fruits, vegetables, dairy, and legumes.
|Name||Methods of Assessment|
|Total fruit||Cup equivalents|
|Citrus, melons, and berries||Cup equivalents|
|Other fruits||Cup equivalents|
|Fruit juice||Cup equivalents|
|Total vegetables||Cup equivalents|
|Dark green vegetables||Cup equivalents|
|Total red and orange vegetables||Cup equivalents|
|Other red and orange vegetables (excludes, tomatoes)||Cup equivalents|
|Total starchy vegetables||Cup equivalents|
|Potatoes (white potatoes)||Cup equivalents|
|Other starchy vegetables (excludes white potatoes)||Cup equivalents|
|Other vegetables||Cup equivalents|
|Beans and peas computed as vegetables||Cup equivalents|
|Total grains||Ounce equivalents|
|Whole grains||Ounce equivalents|
|Refined grains||Ounce equivalents|
|Total protein foods||Ounce equivalents|
|Total meat, poultry, and seafood||Ounce equivalents|
|Meat (beef, veal, pork, lamb, game)||Ounce equivalents|
|Cured meat (frankfurters, sausage, corned beef and luncheon meat made from beef, pork, poultry)||Ounce equivalents|
|Organ meat (from beef, veal, pork, lamb, game, poultry)||Ounce equivalents|
|Poultry (chicken, turkey, other fowl)||Ounce equivalents|
|Seafood high in n-3 fatty acids||Ounce equivalents|
|Seafood low in n-3 fatty acids||Ounce equivalents|
|Nuts and seeds||Ounce equivalents|
|Beans and peas computed as protein foods||Ounce equivalents|
|Total dairy (milk, yogurt, cheese, whey)||Ounce equivalents|
|Milk (includes calcium fortified soy milk)||Ounce equivalents|
|Solid fats||Gram equivalents|
|Added sugars||Teaspoon equivalents|
|Alcoholic drinks||Number of drinks|
Data Access and Cost
Obtain FPED, MPED 1.0 and MPED 2.0 data from USDA's Food Patterns Equivalents Database website.
Data are not geocoded but they can be linked to NHANES data using the Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Surveys (FNDDS) food codes.
Data have been linked to NHANES dietary data.
Data also can be linked to any other survey or study using FNDDS food codes.
Ahuja JK, Moshfegh AJ, Holden JM, Harris E. USDA food and nutrient databases provide the infrastructure for food and nutrition research, policy, and practice. Journal of Nutrition 2013 Feb;143(2):241S-249S.
Britten P, Marcoe K, Yamini S, Davis C. Development of food intake patterns for the MyPyramid food guidance system. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2006;38(6S):S78-S92.
Krebs Smith SM, Guenther PM, Subar AF, Kirkpatrick SI, Dodd KW. Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations. Journal of Nutrition 2010;140(10):1832-1838.
Reedy J, Krebs-Smith SM, Bosire C. Evaluating the food environment: Application of the Healthy Eating Index-2005. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2010;38(5):465-471.
Additional documentation related to how serving values were assigned http://appliedresearch.cancer.gov/pyramid/documentation/
NCCOR FPED Fact Sheet http://www.nccMethodology and User Guides for FPED 2009-2010, FPED 2007-2008, MPED 2.0 and MPED 1.0 http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=23870or.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/NCCOR_FPED_Factsheet-v8_single-page.pdf
NCCOR FPED Fact Sheet http://www.nccor.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/NCCOR_FPED_Factsheet-v8_single-page.pdf