At A Glance
- Can be used with other surveys and studies to code the foods and amounts eaten and calculate the amounts of nutrients and other food components in those foods.
- Is the database used to code foods reported on the WWEIA, NHANES and to calculate their nutritional values.
- Nutrients added by year: 2007-2008: Vitamin D (D2+D3) (μg) 2005-2006: Total Choline (mg) 2003-2004: Added Vitamin E (mg) and Added Vitamin B-12 (μg)
FNDDS converts food and beverages consumed in What We Eat in America (WWEIA), the dietary intake component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) into gram amounts and determines their nutrient values. FNDDS also can be applied to dietary data from other surveys.
Foods reported on the 24-hour recalls in the WWEIA, NHANES.
FNDDS is updated for each 2-year cycle of WWEIA, NHANES. The version of FNDDS that corresponds to the WWEIA, NHANES release is designated with the two years of WWEIA, NHANES, i.e., FNDDS 2015-2016 corresponds to WWEIA, NHANES 2015-2016.
Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
See the 1994-1996 and 1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals Food Coding Database, Survey Nutrient Database, and Recipe Database.
Database, not a survey. Database includes all foods reported in corresponding WWEIA, NHANES survey.
Does not involve sampling. Database includes 8,000+ food and beverages.
|Name||Methods of Assessment|
|Added Vitamin B12||N/A|
|Added Vitamin E||N/A|
|Individual fatty acids||N/A|
|Lutein and zeazanthin||N/A|
The 2011-2012, 2013-2014, and 2015-2016 FNDDS include an identifier code indicating if a food/beverage is “fortified” or contains “fortified ingredients”.
List of Nutrients can be found here
Data Access and Cost
Obtain data from the USDA Food Surveys Research Group (FSRG) website.
Free of charge.
Data are not geocoded but they can be linked to data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the Food Patterns Equivalents Database (FPED) using the food codes.
Data have been linked to WWEIA, NHANES dietary data and FPED.
Data also could be linked to any other survey or study using FNDDS food codes.
Ahuja JKC, Goldman JD, Perloff B. The effect of improved food composition data on intake estimates in the United States of America. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 2006;19(Suppl 1):S7-S13.
Ajuja JKC, Perloff BP. Quality control procedures for the USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies nutrient values. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 2008;21(Suppl 1):S119-S124.
Bodner-Montville J, Ahuja JKC, Ingwersen LA, Haggerty ES, Enns CW, and Perloff BP. USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies: Released on the web. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 2006; 19 (Supplement 1):S100-S107.
Find tables of nutrient intakes, dietary data briefs, and research papers for WWEIA, NHANES at: